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MythsFormative assessment takes only a few minutes; summative assessment takes at least 30 minutes.Formative assessments cannot be graded; summative assessments must always be gradedFormative assessment is always informal; summative assessment is always formal.Formative assessment is created by teachers; summative assessment is created by schools, districts, or states.
Key Characteristics of Formative AssessmentFeedback is for the
teacher, student, or bothAssessment directly affects teaching and learningLow-stakes
Characteristics of Summative AssessmentFeedback is for the teacherAssessment indirectly affects teaching and learningHigh-Stakes
Key Point: At What Point in the Learning Process Does the Assessment Take Place??“When the cook tastes the soup, that’s formative assessment."When the customer tastes the soup, that’s summative assessment.”
Possible Assessment ToolsNon-paper tools:
Computer responsesPaper tools:
What information do you need in order to........fine-tune your instruction?...make sure your students are using their learning at different levels of thinking?...make sure your students are on the road to meeting objectives?
Timing of Assessmentcrucial points in the unit
predict when misconceptions might occur
make sure it does not disrupt the instructional sequence
will depend on students, material, your experience
don't over-assess; it makes it less likely that you will 'carry through'
Collection DataData collection (and analysis) is more difficult for some strategies and class activities than othersclass lists
audio, image, or motion media capture
student surveys (both cognitive and affective)
student self-assessment or peer assessment
Instructional AdjustmentsREMEDIAL: What if students don’t meet your definition of success?
* Targeted re-teaching for the whole group
* Targeted re-teaching for individuals (how do you find time?)EXTENSION: What if your students do meet your definition of success (or go beyond)?
* Are there parts of your instruction that you will skip?
* Can you move ahead faster?
* Can you add enrichment activities?
* Can you set more challenging goals?
* Can you do any of the above for individuals?
ReferencesSoup Quote: Black, P. in Frey, B. (2014). Modern classroom assessment. Sage Publishing: Washington D.C