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ENZYMES FUNCTIONALITYSubstrate combines with enzyme.
Provides energy to break down substrate by the addition of water = hydrolyses
Enzymes can be used over and over.
Work at specific pH.
Carbohydrates are always broken down from a poly saccharides to smaller disaccharides to eventually monosaccharides USING CARBOHYDRASES
Proteins are broken down from protein to smaller polypeptides to eventually amino-acids USING PROTEASES
Fats are broken down from large globules to fatty acids and glycerol USING LIPASES
DIGESTIVE SECRETIONSMOUTH = SALIVA CONTAINING CARBOHYDRASES
STOMACH = GASTRIC JUICE CONTAINING PROTEASES
PANCREAS = PANCREATIC JUICE CONTAINING CARBOHYDRASES AND PROTEASES
SMALL INTESTINES = INTESTINAL JUICE CONTAINING CARBOHYDRASES, PROTEASES AND LIPASES.
Enzyme Group: 1______________________Enzyme Group:
pH: 3.____________SECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED:
Saliva from salivary glandsSITE OF ACTION:
MouthSUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS:
Cooked starches > 2. _______________
CARBOHYDRASESpancreatic juice from pancreasSITE OF ACTION:
4__________SUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS:
All starches > maltosepH :
CARBOHYDRASESSECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED: 5_______________SITE OF ACTION:
Small IntestineMaltose > 6._________________pH :
PROTEASESSECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED: Gastric juice from glands in stomachSITE OF ACTION: 7.______________SUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS: Proteins to polypeptidespH: 8.____________
PROTEASESSECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED: 9.________ secreted from pancreasSITE OF ACTION: Small intestineSUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS :
PROTEINS > 10.______PH: ALKALINE
PROTEASESSECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED: Intestinal juice from the small intestineSITE OF ACTION: Small intestineSUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS: Polypeptides > 11.________pH: Alkaline
ENZYME GROUP: 12_________SECRETION AND WHERE PRODUCED: Pancreatic juice from the small intestineSITE OF ACTION : 13.___________SUBSTRATE AND PRODUCTS:
FATS > 14._____ AND GLYCEROLpH: 15.___________