A review of successful study strategies in med school, including retrieval practice (testing effect), spaced repetition, and varied practice. I also discuss common learning myths, including learning styles. And I end with a discussion of popular study resources for med students, including Pathoma, First Aid, Picmonic, SketchyMedical, Anki, Firecracker, Osmosis, Najeeb, and more...
In direct response to some comments, I would like to emphasize that I'm not asserting "Sketchy" doesn't work - I'm just saying that the study technique it uses is unproven and is novel enough to not yet have established a conventional wisdom about it among learning scientists. Also, regarding First Aid, I appreciate that Step 1 is perceived to test the long lists of unconnected esoteric facts that First Aid is great for, however, I also see students use First Aid as a primary resource for their courses, which I think has major drawbacks.
Selected references include:
Make It Stick - The single best layperson guide to learning theory (https://www.amazon.com/Make-Stick-Science-Successful-Learning/dp/0674729013/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8)
Learning Scientists Blog - Another great resource for all things related to the science of learning. (http://www.learningscientists.org/blog/)
"Paradoxes of learning and memory" - Free book chapter outlining some successful study strategies, with discussion of how they can be counterintuitive. (http://psych.wustl.edu/memory/Roddy%20article%20PDF's/Butler%20&%20Roediger%20(2011).pdf)
"The Learning Styles Myth is Thriving in Higher Education" (http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01908/full)
"Metacognition and the spacing effect: the role of repetition, feedback, and instruction on judgments of learning for massed and spaced rehearsal" - Also touches on our inability to accurately judge successful learning (http://castel.psych.ucla.edu/papers/Logan%20JOL%20Spacing%20ML.pdf)
"The effect of selected 'desirable difficulties' on the ability to recall anatomy information" - Also touches on retrieval practice and the testing effect (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25227209)
"The Picmonic(®) Learning System: enhancing memory retention of medical sciences, using an audiovisual mnemonic Web-based learning platform." - Peer reviewed paper written by founders of Picmonic (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24868180)
Links to Resources:
Kaplan Qbank (https://www.kaptest.com/medical-prep/usmle/usmle-prep-course/step-1-qbank)
First Aid for Step 1 (https://www.amazon.com/First-Aid-Usmle-Step-2016/dp/1259587371)
Dr. Najeeb (https://www.drnajeeblectures.com/)
The Noted Anatomist (https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCe9lb3da4XAnN7v3ciTyquQ)
Armando Hasudungan (http://armandoh.org/)
Tagged under: studying,learning,study strategies,med school,medical school
Clip makes it super easy to turn any public video into a formative assessment activity in your classroom.
Add multiple choice quizzes, questions and browse hundreds of approved, video lesson ideas for Clip
Make YouTube one of your teaching aids - Works perfectly with lesson micro-teaching plans
1. Students enter a simple code
2. You play the video
3. The students comment
4. You review and reflect
* Whiteboard required for teacher-paced activities
With four apps, each designed around existing classroom activities, Spiral gives you the power to do formative assessment with anything you teach.
Carry out a quickfire formative assessment to see what the whole class is thinking
Create interactive presentations to spark creativity in class
Student teams can create and share collaborative presentations from linked devices
Turn any public video into a live chat with questions and quizzes