Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature (PHIL 181)
The discussion of Kant from last lecture continues with a statement and explication of his first formulation of the categorical imperative: act only in such a way that you can will your maxim to be a universal law. Professor Gendler shows how Kant uses the categorical imperative to argue for particular moral duties, such as the obligation to keep promises. In the second part of the lecture, Philippa Foot's Trolley Problem is introduced, which poses the problem of reconciling two powerful conflicting moral intuitions. A critique of Foot's solution to the problem is explored, and the lecture ends with Judith Jarvis Thomson's proposed alternative.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Introducing the Categorical Imperative
11:30 - Chapter 2. Applying and Characterizing the Categorical Imperative
20:16 - Chapter 3. The Aim of a Moral Theory
25:02 - Chapter 4. The Trolley Problem
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu
This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Tagged under: Kant,deontology,duty,autonomy,heteronomy,moral law,categorical imperative,maxim,promises,means , , person exceptionalism,Judith Jarvis Thomson,Philippa Foot, Trolley Problem,Transplant Case,- distinction,rights
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