A lesson for pre-algebra or algebra students on how to set up an equation for a percentage word problem.
First, I review how to write "20% of $29" and "7% of x" as mathematical expressions. In a nutshell, the word "of" translates into multiplication. So, 7% of x simply becomes 0.07x.
Then we are ready to solve two word problems. In the first, Mark pays 23% of their salary (s) in taxes. If he pays $425.50 in taxes, find his salary.
It is easy to write a SIMPLE equation to match this percent problem and then solve it.
The second problem has to do with percentage increase. We know the increase (5%) and the final quantity, and are asked the quantity before the increase. Once again, using the decimal 0.05 for the percentage, and multiplication, allows us to write a simple equation and solve it.
Learn more pre-algebra with Math Mammoth Grade 7 Curriculum at www.mathmammoth.com/complete/grade_7.php
Tagged under: Algebra (Field Of Study),Equation,pre-algebra,percentage,percent,percentage increase,Math,decimal,percentage equation
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