Ads - then & now

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Comparative structuresThere are three kinds of comparative structures:
1 - sentence connectors
2 - subordinating conjunctions
3 - correlative conjunctions

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1- Sentence Connectors or conjunctive adverbsJoin two independent clauses. Independent clauses contain a subject and a verb or verb phrase. Independent clauses are complete sentences.

e.g.
Amy is always on time. (independent clause because it has a subject and a verb phrase)
Her sister is not (also an independent clause because it also has a subject and a verb phrase)
We can use a sentence connector to join these two independent clauses.

Amy is always on time, however, her sister is not.

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2 - subordinating conjunctionsAmy is always on time while her sister is not.

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main & subordinate clausesWhen a subordinating conjunction joins two clauses it creates a main clause, Amy is always on time, and a subordinate clause, while her sister is not. A subordinate clause is a dependent clause or an incomplete thought. A dependent clause can not stand alone. It is not a complete sentence. For example, her sister is not, is an incomplete thought and does not mean anything on it's own.

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use of commaWhile Amy is always on time, her sister is not.

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3 - correlative conjunctionsuseful for discussing similarities

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used to discuss two things that are true

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ExampleBoth Amy and her brother are always on time

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Both not true : neither / norNeither Amy nor her brother are late for meetings
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