The Atmosphere, the Ocean and Environmental Change (GG 140)
Ocean currents are generally divided into two categories: thermohaline currents and wind driven currents. Both types of currents are forced remotely rather than locally. Wind driven currents are initially forced by the wind stress causing water to pile up in certain locations. This produces a pressure gradient, which is then balanced by the Coriolis force and geostrophic currents develop. The gyre circulations found in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans are wind driven currents. There is a connection between the physics of these currents and the biological productivity in the ocean. For example, productivity is greatest in areas of equatorial and coastal upwelling as nutrient rich deep water is brought to the sunlit surface.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Ocean Currents
07:37 - Chapter 2. Wind Driven Currents
15:43 - Chapter 3. Transport of Water in Ocean Currents
18:49 - Chapter 4. Atlantic Ocean Circulation
28:06 - Chapter 5. Pacific Ocean Circulation
29:13 - Chapter 6. Southern Ocean Circulation
29:31 - Chapter 7. Arctic Ocean Circulation
31:45 - Chapter 8. Primary Productivity in the Ocean
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu
This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
Tagged under: Oceanography,thermohaline currents,wind driven currents,Ekman layer,ocean topography,transport,gyres,Gulf Stream,loop current,primary productivity,upwelling.
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