Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature (PHIL 181)
The lecture begins with a consideration of the traditional consequentialist account of punishment---that punishment is justified by its deterrent effect on future crimes. Traditional criticisms of the view are presented, and John Rawls' two-level justification for punishment is offered as one possible way to avoid such criticisms by bringing together consequentialist and deontological justifications of punishment in a single theory. Next, Professor Gendler reviews some empirical research on punishment intuitions, including data on moral outrage and the "Knobe effect". The lecture concludes with a brief discussion of how moral luck interacts with intuitions about punishment.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Consequentialist Justifications of Punishment
15:05 - Chapter 2. Two-Level Theories of Punishment
22:16 - Chapter 3. Empirical Research on Punishment
41:54 - Chapter 4. Luck and Punishment
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu
This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Tagged under: Punishment,Utilitarianism,consequentialism,future-directed,deterrence,John Rawls,telishment,Two Concepts Rules,retribution,John Darley,intentional behavior,moral outrage,compensation,Joshua Knobe,Knobe effect,reparation,moral luck,David Lewis,penal lottery
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