Learn the basics about the principle of green chemistry that considers reducing derivatives, as a part of environmental chemistry.
Functional groups are the sites in a molecule where a reaction occurs. Some molecules may have more than one functional group which may be a problem if you’re carrying out a reaction, but you only want the reaction to occur at one particular functional group.
To prevent the other functional groups from reacting, we must “protect” them. To do so, we must add a protecting group, or a derivative. These groups are also called blocking groups.
This can be an issue because it costs time and energy to add and remove these protecting groups.
Chemists, in an effort to be more environmentally friendly, are developing chemoselective methods and syntheses - this means that the reaction will happen only at a particular functional group.
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