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Interactive video lesson plan for: Aldehydes and Ketones - Carbonyl Organic Chemistry Reactions Practice Test / Exam Review

Activity overview:

This organic chemistry video tutorial provides an overview of nucleophilic addition reactions of aldehydes and ketones. It provides a nice review of what you need for your next organic chemistry test or exam.

Here's a list of topics contained in this video:
1. Nomenclature - Naming Compounds Containing Aldehyde and Ketone Functional Groups. Common names such as Benzaldehyde, Acetone, Acetophenone, Cyclohexane Carbaldehyde, and Benzophenone are included.
2. Physical Properties of Aldehydes & Ketones Including Boiling Point, Vapor Pressure, and Water Solubility
3. Hydration Reaction of Aldehydes & Ketones - Forming Hydrates -Mechanism included.
4. Relative Reactivity of Aldehydes & Ketones - Most Reactive to Least Reactive or Least Stable to Most Stable
5. Steric Factors Such as Steric Hindrance vs Electronic Factors Such Electron Donating Groups and Electron Withdrawing Groups.
6. Enol-Ketone Tautomerism - Reaction Mechanism of a Ketone into an Enol - Acidic and Basic Conditions.
7. The Stability of Conjugated and Aromatic Enols.
8. Acetal, Ketal, Hemiacetal, and Hemiketal Formation.
9. Acetal Protecting Groups Using Ethylene Glycol - Reaction Mechanism
10. Grignard Reagent Reaction Mechanism With Aldehydes & Ketones
11. Aldehydes & Ketones Nucleophilic Addition - NaBH4 & LiAlH4 Reduction Reactions
12. Cyanohydrin Formation - Reaction Mechanism - Acidic & Basic Conditions
13. Primary Alcohol to Aldehyde Using PCC Reaction Overview
14. Secondary Alcohol to Ketone Using Na2Cr2O7 & H2SO4
15. Terminal Alkyne to Aldehyde Using Sia2BH THF H2O2 NaOH
16. Terminal Alkyne to Ketone Using HgSO4, H2SO4, and H2O
17. Conversion of Nitrile to Imine to Ketone Reaction Mechanism
18. Organolithium Reagents With Carbonyl Compounds
19. Imine vs Enamine - Primary vs Secondary Amines on Ketones
20. Ozonolysis - Converting Alkenes Into Aldehydes & Ketones
21. Fridel Crafts Acylation - Adding a Ketone Near a Benzene Ring
22. The Wittig Reaction and It's mechanism - Ylide, TriphenylPhosphine, Oxaphosphetane, Betain, Butyl Lithium, etc.
23. Tollen's Test - Ag(NH3)2+ or Ag2O with THF and H2O
24. Clemmensen Reduction - Zn, Hg, and HCl - Converting a Ketone into an Alkane
25. Wolff - Kishner Reduction Using KOH and H2N-NH2 or N2H4 / Hydrazine
26. Direct Alkylation or alpha hydrogen substitution reactions of aldehydes and ketones with an alkyl halide like CH3Br or CH3CH2Br
27. Direct Alkylation Using an Enamine

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