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Quickfire formative assessment plan for: World History Final

Activity overview:

62 questions

1. What was a major result of the Age of Discovery? A. a long period of peace and prosperity for the nations of Western Europe.
B. extensive migration of people from the Western Hemisphere to Europe and Asia.
C. the fall of European national monarchies and the end of the power of the Catholic Church.
D. the end of regional isolation and the beginning of a period of European global domination.

Question type: canvas

2. What helped Great Britain become a global power?

Question type: canvas

3. The ideas behind the Declaration of independence was expressed mostly by who? Baron de Montesquie, Thomas Paine, Thomas Hobbes, or John Locke?

Question type: open

4. " All human beings are born free and equal with a right to life and liberty.... This reflects the ideas of the Age of ________________________.

Question type: open

5. What did the success of the American Revolution Prove? A. Absolute governments were a superior form of government.
B. Revolutions based on enlightened principles could work.
C. Colonists must embrace monarchial rule or face devastation.
D. Democracy could only survive if guided by an enlightened despot.

Question type: open

6. Which of the following statements about France’s social structure prior to the French Revolution is true?
A. The Third Estate was made up entirely of peasants.
B. Most people belonged to the First Estate.
C. The Second Estate was content with the social structure.
D. The First Estate was comprised of the French nobility.

Question type: open

7. In comparing the French and American Revolutions, the Reign of Terror proves
A. the French Revolution was characterized murderous acts fueled by
emotion, while the American Revolution was based more in law, the issue
of representation, and reason.
B. that using violent methods are necessary to achieve liberty.
C. that true liberty cannot be achieved unless the monarchy is destroyed.
D. the spirit of the enlightenment was better represented in the French
Revolution, than in the American Revolution.

Question type: open

8. “I found the crown of France lying on the ground, and I picked it up with a sword.”

8. The quote above best illustrates
A. Julius Caesar’s conquest and vision for Empire.
B. George Washington’s vision for the United States after a successful
Revolution.
C. Napoleon’s seizure of power and vision for future Empire.
D. John Locke’s philosophy of government.

Question type: open

9. After Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the powers of Europe met at the Congress of Vienna to decide Europe’s future. The decisions made at the Congress
A. restored fallen Republics throughout and Europe and continued the revolutionary spirit of the enlightenment.
B. spurred nationalistic movements throughout Europe and urged unification of similar peoples into democratic nations.
C. restored fallen monarchies throughout Europe and attempted to maintain a balance of power
D. led to violent wars between Europe and the Americas over colonization.

Question type: open

10. “It was a town of red brick or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves forever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill smelling dye…”
— Charles Dickens, Hard Times

Which set of circumstances are associated with the above quotation?
A. unpleasant working conditions, child labor, and economic inequality caused by the Industrial Revolution
B. urban riots, burning of property, and inefficient local governments during the French Revolution
C. inactive townships, domestic economics, and government indifference during the reign of absolute monarchs
D. witchcraft practices, superstitious beliefs, and church dominated government before the Enlightenment

Question type: open

11. The Industrial Revolution directly produced
A. isolationism that protected industries and conservationism that controlled natural resources.
B. liberalism that expanded personal rights and abolitionism that freed those bound by servitude.
C. laissez-faire capitalism that created private wealth and socialism that advocated an equal distribution of wealth.
D. absolutism that controlled the political affairs of governments and mercantilism that represented the economic power of nations.

Question type: open

12. “Competition is a law of nature…and can no more be done away with than gravitation…(I)f we do not like survival of the fittest, we have only one possible alternative, survival of the fittest. The former is the law of civilization; the latter is the law of anti-civilization.
”The quote above is an example of which of the following schools of thought?
A. Capitalism
B. Socialism
C. Social Darwinism
D. Gospel of Wealth

Question type: open

13. “The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains...Workers of the world, unite!”

Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto
__________________________________________________________________________________
In the above statement, Marx specifically chooses the word “chains” to refer to what?
A. the appalling prison conditions for workers accused of misdemeanor crimes
B. the responsibilities that accompany the accumulation of great of wealth
C. the harsh working conditions and low pay often associated with unskilled labor and factory jobs
D. the yoke of heavy taxes needed to pay for constant European wars

Question type: open

14. The principal message of the cartoon is that the Standard Oil Company
A. used its size to lower the prices of its products.
B. protected the nation from foreign competition.
C. used its economic power to influence government decisions.
D. employed violence to gain an unfair advantage for its workers.

Question type: open

15. What did this familiar icon mean to immigrants coming to the United States?
A. The icon serves as a warning to “new immigrants” that they have to assimilate and “Americanize” to be accepted into American society.
B. The statue represents freedom to all ethnic groups fleeing political oppression, poverty, and religious persecution.
C. The statue serves as a guardian, protecting the nation’s borders from those attempting to enter the country illegally.
D. The sculpture represents the military power of the United States.

Question type: open

16. Which situation occurred as a result of the influence of the French Revolution?
A. increase in religious conflict
B. rise of nationalistic and unification movements
C. decentralization of governmental power
D. economic depression

Question type: open

17. 18. Nationalism is most likely to develop in an area that has
A. land suited to agriculture.
B. adequate industry to supply consumer demands.
C. a moderate climate with rivers for irrigation.
D. common customs, language, and history.

Question type: open

18. Which of the following aroused the greatest controversy in the United States at the end of the Spanish-American War?
A. Payment of a $20 million indemnity to Spain
B. Humanitarian efforts on behalf of concentration camp victims
C. Acquisition of the Philippine Islands
D. Liberation of Cuba from Spanish control

Question type: open

19. Which of the following provided the greatest motivation for the United States to go to war with Spain?
A. Spanish occupation of the Panama Canal.
B. American expansionism and support for Cuban nationalism.
C. the murder of two U.S. diplomats in Spain on a peaceful diplomatic mission.
D. Spanish attacks on U.S. commercial ships off the coast of Cuba.

Question type: open

20. “We owe it, therefore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered and shall not interfere. But with the Governments who have declared their independence and maintain it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States.” __________________________________________________________________________________ The statements above declared that the United States would
A. prevent the establishment of new European colonies anywhere in the world
B. help colonies in North and South America adopt a democratic form of government
C. view European interference in the Americas as a threat to the national interest of the United States
D. prevent other nations from trading with South American nations

Question type: open

21. All of the below are causes of pre-World War I imperialism EXCEPT
A. Social Darwinist attitudes that believe superior races survive by military dominance over inferior races.
B. Western Europe and the United States had a moral obligation to Christianize and
civilize “ignorant” peoples.
C. developing nations desired to embrace Western culture and become markets for
up-to-date products.
D. industrialized nations needed raw materials and natural resources not found in
Western countries.

Question type: open

22. In 1890, American naval historian Alfred T. Mahan organized his lecture notes into a book titled The Influence of Sea Power Upon History. For the United States he recommended
A. constructing a modern navy built out of steel, building a Middle American canal, and acquiring refueling stations where necessary.
B. strengthening the Monroe Doctrine by signing an alliance treaty with Brazil, Argentina, and Chile.
C. drafting a large army and fortifying port cities to protect the nation from imperial aggression.
D. abandoning isolationist policies and joining global trade organizations.

Question type: open

23. “China never wanted foreigners anymore than foreigners wanted China men, and on this question I am with the Boxer every time. The Boxer is a patriot. He loves his country better than he does the countries of other people. I wish him success. The Boxer believes in driving us out of his country. I am a Boxer too, for I believe in driving him out of our country.”
-Mark Twain ______________________________________________________________________________
The above quote best demonstrates a foreign policy consistent with
A. Imperialists who favored the Open Door Policy.
B. Anti-Imperialists who favored isolationism.
C. the international policing power of the United States.
D. President Taft’s concept of “dollars for bullets”.

Question type: open

24. What does yellow journalism mean?

Question type: open

25. This cartoon might have been used to support the point of view of
A. legislators who wanted to pass laws restricting immigration.
B. expansionists who wanted to acquire territories for economic, political, and social reasons.
C. northern industrialists who wanted to benefit from high protective tariffs.
D. southern plantation owners seeking new sources of cheap labor.

Question type: open

26. 28. What is the significance of the cartoon above, featuring President Roosevelt?
A. The barriers to global free trade were eliminated by the support of the U.S. government.
B. The United States fought a long and violent war with Columbia.
C. The conservationist policies of President Roosevelt were expanding to other areas of the western hemisphere.
D. The strength of the United States military and trade were increased by the building of the Panama Canal.

Question type: open

27. The purpose of the Liberty Loan Campaign illustrated in the above drawing was to
A. encourage young men to enlist in the army.
B. finance American involvement in WWI.
C. support the establishment of Boy Scout troops throughout the U.S.
D. aid in the implementation of new agricultural programs.

Question type: open

28. The assassination of the Austrian Franz Ferdinand was significant because it
A. led to massive military build-ups which creating frightening new weapons of war.
B. triggered action between a system of international alliances.
C. increased the race for imperialistic claims in the Western Hemisphere.
D. suppressed nationalistic uprisings.

Question type: open

29. Which generalization is consistent with the ruling of the United States Supreme Court in Schenck v. United States?
A. The freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights are virtually unlimited
B. Government has the right to suspend rights at any time.
C. Individual rights can be limited in the national interest.
D. The balance between individual rights and the general social welfare almost always favors individual rights.

Question type: open

30. In the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Versailles, Woodrow Wilson sacrifices portions of his Fourteen Points in order to gain Allied approval of a
A. ban on secret diplomacy.
B. German and Austrian union along with the people’s right to self-determination.
C. list of new rules that provided greater expansion of a nation’s right to freedom of the seas.
D. League of Nations

Question type: open

31. • Recognition of freedom of the seas
• An end to the practice of making secret treaties
• Reduction in national armaments
• An impartial adjustment of all colonial claims
• Self-determination of various nationalities
• The creation of a general association of nations
__________________________________________________________________________________The main purpose of the peace plan to end World War I was to
A. diminish the issues that lead to conflicts.
B. create a world-wide military alliance.
C. return the United States to isolation.
D. control worldwide colonial claims.

Question type: open

32. “If I should die, think only this of me:
That there’s some corner of a foreign field
That is forever England. There shall be
In that rich earth a richer dust concealed;
A dust whom England bore, shaped, made aware,
Gave, once, her flowers to love, her ways to roam,
A body of England’s, breathing English air,
Washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home. . . .”

— Rupert Brooke, The Soldier
__________________________________________________________________________________Which cause of WWI is expressed in this excerpt from Brooke’s poem?
A. systems of alliances
B. militarization
C. nationalism
D. nativism

Question type: open

33. 36. A major cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the
A. defeat of Germany in the Russian campaign.
B. increased support from Fascist party leaders.
C. existence of sharp economic differences between social classes.
D. appeal of Marxism to the Russian nobility.

Question type: open

34. The image and caption above best illustrate
A. motivations used to build support for the Bolshevik Revolution.
B. promises made by Czar Nicholas II to calm the discontented Russian peasants.
C. the spirit of the Fascist Party.
D. nationalism, democracy, and the pursuit of happiness.

Question type: open

35. Which statement best describes the relationship between World War I and the Russian Revolution?
A. World War I postponed the Russian Revolution by restoring confidence in the Czar
B. the Russian Revolution inspired the Russian people to win World War I
C. World War I created conditions within Russia that triggered the abdication of Czar Nicholas II and the formation of a new Communist government.
D. World War I gave the Czar’s army the needed experience to suppress the Russian Revolution

Question type: open

36. Which of the following is a difference between fascism and communism?
A. Individuals are completely subordinate to the authority of the state.
B. The citizen’s right to private property is preserved.
C. Propaganda is used to influence public thoughts and actions.
D. Secret police enforce the leader’s will.

Question type: open

37. Based on the chart above, the economic depression of the 1930s was ended by the
A. demand for manufactured goods caused by World War II
B. effects of the New Deal on the United States economy
C. removal of federal regulations on the stock market
D. “baby boom” and the rise of the suburbs

Question type: open

38. Post World War I efforts of the United States to decrease world tension included all of the below EXCEPT
A. mediating an agreement between the allies to allow Germany to pay its war damages. B. agreeing to not use war as an instrument of its foreign policy. C. signing treaties to lower naval military construction.
D. joining an international collective security alliance.

Question type: open

39. One reason for the failure of the peace movement between WWI and WWII was the
A. weakness of the League of Nations.
B. invention of the atomic bomb.
C. conflict between the members of the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente.
D. absence of an international court of justice.

Question type: open

40. In 1939, France and Britain declared war on Germany as a direct result of the
A. annexation of Austria.
B. occupation of the Rhineland.
C. seizure of the Sudetenland.
D. invasion of Poland.

Question type: open

41. All residents of this nation are kin in some way by blood or culture to a foreign land. Yet they are primarily and necessarily a part of the new and distinct civilization of the United States. They must accordingly be treated at all times as heirs of the American experiment and as entitled to all the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.

Justice Frank Murphy, 1944

According to the above quote, Supreme Court Justice Frank Murphy
A. supported forced internment of Japanese Americans by the United States government.
B. recommended that foreign born citizens reject their ethnic heritage during wartime.
C. opposed the confinement of Americans due to ethnicity.
D. believed Japanese-Americans should accept voluntary internment conditions until the conclusion of hostilities against Japan.

Question type: open

42. The Cash-and-Carry and Lend-Lease Acts were evidence that the United States
A. followed a strict policy of neutrality as World War II progressed in Europe.
B. recognized its policy of neutrality conflicted with American self interest.
C. believed that the Allied policy of appeasement would succeed.
D. wanted to honor the military commitments it had made just after World War I.

Question type: open

43. During World War II, the Allied military strategy agreed upon by U.S. and Britain
A. concentrated on defeating Hitler’s army in Europe before turning on Japan.
B. divided all resources between the Allies.
C. focused only on Japan, leaving the Soviet Union to fight Germany alone.
D. concentrated on first defeating Japan then turning to Germany.

Question type: open

44. According to the above political cartoon, the 1936 totalitarian leaders of Europe succeeded because
A. despots destroyed all political opposition within their respective countries.
B. minority groups protested to gain more freedoms.
C. other nations did not challenge the aggressive policies of dictatorial regimes.
D. citizens failed to confront Socialist and Communist elements in society.

Question type: open

45. All of the following are results of WWII EXCEPT the
A. emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as the world’s two superpowers.
B. death of six million Jews and other Europeans in the Holocaust.
C. end of economic depression in the United States.
D. acquisition of territories in the Caribbean and Middle East.

Question type: open

46. The United Nations was created in 1945 in order to
A. maintain global peace through collective security.
B. prosecute war crimes from World War II.
C. halt Communist expansion in Eastern Europe.
D. rebuild the economies of Europe and Japan after the end of World War II.

Question type: open

47. In an influential 1947 article, diplomat George F. Kennan advocated that the United States should
A. invade the Soviet Union to establish democracy
B. adopt a more appeasing policy toward the Soviet Union
C. conduct covert activities in underdeveloped movements
D. focus its foreign policy on containing the spread of Soviet communism

Question type: open

48. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of central and eastern Europe…all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and increasing measure of control from Moscow.

”Winston Churchill created the term “iron curtain” to address
A. the repression of democratic freedoms in Eastern Europe
B. impending elections in Poland
C. Stalin’s non-negotiable demands at Potsdam
D. the Soviet-imposed dividing line separating Eastern Europe from the West

Question type: open

49. The Marshall Plan was a significant piece of U.S. Cold War strategy by the designed to
A. use massive economic assistance to rebuild European countries after World War II, in order to promote political stability
B. aggressively promote democratic reforms in Latin America and the Middle East
C. control nuclear technology and place it under the control of the United Nations energy commission
D. provide military assistance to countries fighting Communist uprisings

Question type: open

50. Which event of the 1950s most likely led to the publication of the cartoon above?
A. Russia put cosmonauts on the Moon.
B. The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite.
C. The United States was defeated in the Vietnam War.
D. American students scored low on tests in math and science.

Question type: open

51. According to the excerpt, what did Berlin symbolize to the West?
A. An ideal location for peace conferences
B. A strategic international outpost for the military
C. A place of freedom surrounded by a totalitarian state
D. A prime location from which to sell US products to Europe

Question type: open

52. The policy of Vietnamization called for
A. Bombing North Vietnam around the clock to convince it to surrender.
B. Escalating the war and putting gas many troops in South Vietnam as possible.
C. Reducing the number of American troops in South Vietnam and turning control of the war over to the South Vietnamese.
D. Bombing Laos and Cambodia in order to destroy NVA supply lines.

Question type: open

53. Which of the following resulted from the Cuban Missile Crisis?
A. The Soviets were allowed to keep existing missiles in Cuba but could not
increase the number of missiles.
B. The United States agreed to withdraw from Berlin in exchange for Soviet
withdrawal from Cuba.
C. The United States succeeded in eliminating all communist influence from the Western Hemisphere.
D. The Soviets withdrew their missiles from Cuba in exchange for a promise from United States not to attack Fidel Castro.

Question type: open

54. United States annexation of the Philippines (1898) and military involvement in Vietnam (1960’s and 1970’s) are similar because in each event the United States
A. achieved its long-range foreign policy objectives
B. put the domino theory into action
C. demonstrated the strength and success of its military power
D. provoked a debate inside America about its involvement in the internal affairs of other nations

Question type: open

55. A constitutional issue that was frequently raised about United States’ involvement in the Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict was the
A. right to regulate commerce with foreign nations
B. use of deficit spending to finance wars
C. lack of a formal declaration of war by Congress
D. Supreme Court’s role in foreign policy decision-making

Question type: open

56. “ While [Communists] preach the supremacy of the state, declare its omnipotence over individual man, and predict its eventual domination of all peoples on earth, they are the focus of evil in the modern world.” -- Ronald Reagan
_________________________________________________________________________________ The quote above demonstrates the
A. permanent success of Nixon’s policy of détente with the Soviet Union.
B. achievement of Carter’s humanitarian efforts in the Soviet Union.
C. increased tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States in the early 1980s.
D. collapse of the communism in the Soviet Union due to Gorbachev’s policies of openness and restructuring.

Question type: open

57. From the late 1920s to the present, the MAIN goals of American foreign policy in the Middle East have been to preserve the independence of Israel and to
A. encourage industrial development throughout the area
B. maintain good relations with the major oil-producing nations
C. spread undemocratic ideas throughout the region
D. encourage Arab nations to adopt isolationism

Question type: open

58. The Gulf of Tonkin incident was significant because resulted in
A. President Johnson asking Congress for a formal declaration of war against North Vietnam.
B. Congress requesting the immediate withdraw all American troops from the region.
C. the United States launching secret bombing raids against Cambodia and North Vietnam
D. Congress passing a resolution granting the president the necessary authority to escalate military involvement in Vietnam as needed.

Question type: open

59. The political cartoon above is referring to which of the following events?
A. the onset of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in November 1989
B. the North Korean army crossing the 38th parallel in June 1950
C. the horrific events in Tiananmen Square in China during 1989
D. the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979

Question type: open

60. Why did the United States attack Afghanistan and defeat its Taliban government?
A. The Taliban tried to develop weapons of mass destruction.
B. Afghanistan was part of Bush’s “axis of evil” and was considered dangerous.
C. The Taliban supported and sheltered Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda.
D. The U.S. wanted to stop the civil war between Taliban and the Northern Alliance.

Question type: open

61. In 2003, all of the following were justifications for U.S. involvement in Iraq EXCEPT
A. crimes against humanity
B. weapons of mass destruction
C. terrorism
D. defending Saudi Arabia

Question type: open

62. How was this picture perceived by Americans?
A. All Americans celebrated because the Iraqi’s overthrew their oppressive dictator.
B. All Americans were appalled at the continuation of the violence in the Middle East.
C. Some Americans were concerned that the overthrow of Hussein’s dictatorship would result in the increase in the price of oil.
D. While some Americans were pleased because the Iraqi’s welcomed the United States military as liberators, others criticized our nation’s intervention in another nation’s internal affairs.

Question type: open

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