European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202)
Contrary to the "Great Illusion" that the end of World War I heralded a new era of peace, the interwar period can be considered to form part of a Thirty Years' War, spanning the period from 1914 to 1945. In the wake of the Treaty of Versailles, Europe was divided both literally and figuratively, with the so-called revisionist powers frustrated over their new borders. One of the most significant and ultimately most pernicious debates at Versailles concerned the identity of states with ethnic majorities. For those nations that resented the new partition of Europe, ethnic minorities, and Jews in particular, furnished convenient scapegoats. The persecution of minority groups in Central and Eastern Europe following the First World War thus set the stage for the atrocities of World War II.
00:00 - Chapter 1. The Wilsonian Illusion and War Guilt: The Aftermath of the First World War
09:20 - Chapter 2. Revisionism in Italy and Germany
16:42 - Chapter 3. Revisionism in Eastern Europe: The Former Austro-Hungarian Empire
26:03 - Chapter 4. Ethnic Tensions in Interwar States
35:57 - Chapter 5. The Peasant Majority: Agricultural Depression and the Rise of Fascism
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses
This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
Tagged under: Eastern Europe,anti-Semitism,interwar,World War One,World War Two,Treaty Versailles,Woodrow Wilson,depression,Germany,Poland,Austria,Weimar Republic,Balkans,Czechoslovakia,Yugoslavia,Italy,war guilt clause,Horthy,Hitler,Pilsudski,Jews,Turkey,ethnic,land reform,fascism,communism,Axis,Allies
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