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In this Qing Wen, we're going to learn different ways to make comparisons using the character 比 bi3. The sentence structure can be a little confusing at times, but since the adjectives don't change so much, once you've learnt it, you can start making some really interesting and complex sentences.
A plane is quick.
fēijī bǐ huǒchē kuài.
A plane is quicker than a train.
jīntiān hěn rè
It's hot today.
jīntiān bǐ zuótiān rè.
Today is hotter than yesterday.
yèshì de dōngxi bǐ bǎihuò gōngsī de dōngxi piányi.
Stuff from the night market is cheaper than stuff from the department store.
bǎihuò gōngsī de dōngxi bǐ yèshì de dōngxi guì.
Stuff from the department store is more expense than stuff from the night market.
bǎihuò gōngsī de dōngxi guì.
Stuff from the department store is expensive.
yèshì de dōngxi méiyǒu bǎihuò gōngsī de dōngxi guì.
Stuff from the night market isn't as expensive as stuff from the department store.
Today is hot.
zuótiān méiyǒu jīntiān nàme rè.
Yesterday wasn't as hot as today.
wǒ juéde zuótiān hǎo rè!
Yesterday was so hot for me!
shìma? wǒ juéde zuótiān méiyǒu jīntiān nàme rè.
Really? To me, yesterday wasn't as hot as it is today.
" méiyǒu”、" bùbǐ”
wǒ juéde tā xiàn zài de nǚpéngyou bǐjiào piàoliang.
I think his current girlfriend is prettier.
tā xiàn zài de nǚpéngyou bùbǐ tā shàng yī gè nǚpéngyou piàoliang.
His current girlfriend isn't as pretty as his last girlfriend.
! nǐ dìdi yībǎi bāshí jǐ fēn, hěn gāo ā!
Hey! Your brother is 180cm, that's really tall!
wǒ dìdi suīrán gāo, dànshì bùbǐ wǒ gāo, wǒ yǒu yībǎi jiǔ shí fēn!
My brother may be tall, but he isn't as tall as me, I'm 190cm.
tā bù bǐ wǒ piàoliang.
She's not as pretty as me.
X gēn bǐqǐlai
X compared to Y
bǎihuò gōngsī gēn yèshì bǐqǐlai, bǎihuò gōngsī guì duō le!
If you compare department stores to night markets, the departments stores are way more expensive.
gēn bǐqǐlai, X diǎn diǎn diǎn
Compared to Y, X....
gēn huǒchē bǐqǐlai, fēijī kuài duō le.
Compared to a train, a plan is way quicker.
gēn tā bǐqǐlai, wǒ měi duō le!
Compared to her, I'm way prettier.
gēn qù Ōuzhōu bǐqǐlai, qù Měiguó yòu piányi、 yòu hǎowán、 yòu yǒu hěn duō xīnxiān de dōngxi、 yòu kěyǐ diǎn diǎn diǎn
Compared to going to Europe, america is cheaper, more fun, loads of excited new things and you can...
gēn shàngbān bǐqǐlai, zuòláo hǎo duōle, bùyòng gōngzuò、 yǒurén bāng nǐ xǐyīfu、 zǎo shuì zǎoqǐ, zuì zhòngyào de shì, bùyòng tīng lǎobǎn luōsuo!
Compared to going to work, going to prison is way better. You don't need to work, there are people that wash your clothes, you keep to early hours and most importantly, you don't need to listen to your boss nagging.
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