Interactions Among Living Things

Created by Ellen Dugan

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15 slides

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Adapting to the EnvironmnetIf you were to move to the desert in Arizona, you would probably toss out your heavy winter coat, mittens, scarves, Uggs boots...you get the picture.

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NATURAL SELECTIONWrite this in your notes:
The changes that make organisms better suited to their environment develop through a process called natural selection.

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SURVIVAL OF THE FITTESTIndividuals whose characteristics are best suited for their environment tend to survive and reproduce.

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ADAPTATIONSWRITE THIS DOWN:

ADAPTATIONS ARE THE BEHAVIORS AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SPECIES THAT ALLOW THEM TO LIVE SUCCESSFULLY IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT.

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ADAPTATIONS AND NATURAL SELECTION

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COMPETITIONYou see competition in many different ways...on the football field or volleyball court, in a band competition, a spelling bee, or a Kahoot game.

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COMPETITIONWRITE THIS DOWN:
THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN ORGANISMS TO SURVIVE IN A HABITAT WITH LIMITED RESOURCES.

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PREDATIONWRITE THIS DOWN:
AN INTERACTION IN WHICH ONE ORGANISMS KILLS AND EATS ANOTHER IS CALLED PREDATION.

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PREDATION

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PREY ADAPTATIONSONE EXAMPLE OF A WAY THAT AN ORGANISM ADAPTS TO PROTECT ITSELF FROM PREY IS PROTECTIVE COVERINGS. THE SEA URCHIN IS COVERED WITH PRICKLY SPINES THAT KEEP PREDATORS AWAY.

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CAMOUFLAGEWRITE THIS DOWN:
WHEN AN ORGANISM RESEMBLES ITS SURROUNDINGS TO PROTECT ITSELF FROM PREY.

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WARNING COLORINGThe poison arrow frog warns predators not to eat it by its bright red and blue coloring. It can release a toxic chemical.

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FALSE COLORINGTHIS BUTTERFLY FISH HAS A BLACK DOT ON ITS TAIL THAT LOOKS LIKE A FALSE EYE. A PREDATOR MAY BITE THE END OF THE FISH ALLOWING IT TO ESCAPE WITH ONLY PART OF ITS TAIL MISSING.

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MIMICRYIF YOU'VE EVER BEEN STUNG BY A BEE, YOU PROBABLY TRY TO STAY AWAY FROM THEM. THIS ORGANISM THAT LOOKS LIKE A BEE IS ACTUALLY A HARMLESS TYPE OF FLY, BUT IT FOOLS ORGANISMS INTO STAYING AWAY BECAUSE OF ITS RESEMBLANCE TO A BEE.

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INTERESTING ORGANISMS THAT USE CAMOUFLAGE
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