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Interactive video lesson plan for: 16. Philosophical Puzzles

Activity overview:

Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature (PHIL 181)

In the first part of the lecture, Professor Gendler finishes up the discussion of non-standard responses to the Trolley Problem by presenting Cass Sunstein's proposed resolution. This is followed by a general discussion of heuristics and biases in the context of risk regulation. In the remainder of the lecture, she introduces two additional puzzles: the puzzle of ducking vs. shielding (which is due to Christopher Boorse and Roy Sorensen) and the puzzle of moral luck. Whereas the ducking/shielding puzzle seems amenable to a heuristic-style solution, the puzzle of moral luck appears to be more profound. The fact that an action can seem more or less morally blameworthy depending on consequences which were entirely outside of the agent's control seems to resist a solution in terms of heuristics, and instead leads to deeper problems of free will and moral responsibility.

00:00 - Chapter 1. Sunstein on the Trolley Problem Continued
11:08 - Chapter 2. Risk Regulation and Heuristics
23:26 - Chapter 3. Ducking vs. Shielding
31:08 - Chapter 4. Moral Luck

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu

This course was recorded in Spring 2011.

Tagged under: Cass Sunstein,Trolley Problem,heuristics,framing,Asian disease case,Joshua Greene,risk regulation,cap--trade,betrayal heuristic,heuristic attribute,target attribute,John Stuart Mill,Immanuel Kant,ducking,shielding,Roy Sorensen,Christopher Boorse,moral luck,Thomas Nagel,control principle,moral luck principle,constitutive luck,circumstantial luck,free ,moral responsibility

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