Slides in HST 406: Class 2
From 1619 (when the first recorded slaves arrived) until the American Revolution, slavery played a minimal role in the original thirteen colonies.
After 1670, number of slaves brought to North America surged
By 1775, over 20% of the population in the colonies were slaves
Virginia -- 129,581
Maryland -- 97,623
South Carolina -- 25,000
North Carolina -- 53,184
New York -- 65,682
All colonies -- 934,340
- New England slave traders responsible for 130,000 slaves shipped in the Middle Passage BEFORE 1800
- Tobacco shipments from Chesapeake funded trade circuits
- Low-country Carolina planters became the richest colonial elites
- Commercial sectors in the north depended on sending plantation products to Europe
Law: English men, African men, and African women were "judged capable of making their own living based on the market value of the tobacco they cultivated."
~ Virginia, 1643
Law: Marriage between free English women and black slaves were prohibited.
~ Maryland, 1664