This video discusses the dehydration reaction mechanism of an alcohol with H2SO4 - the sulfuric acid catalyst. This video provides plenty of practice problems and examples on how to predict the major product and how to propose a mechanism. Examples include 2-pentanol to form 2-pentene, 3,4-dimethyl-2-pentanol to form 2,3-dimethyl-2-pentene. Other products form include 1-methylcyclopentene, cyclohexene, cyclohexanone, 2-methylcyclohexanone, and Benzene.
This video also discusses the E1 and E2 acid catalyzed dehydration elimination reaction mechanism process as well. primary alcohols favor the E2 mechanism but secondary and tertiary alcohols favor the E1 elimination mechanism.
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