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Flies, A., personal communication, 2015.
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Marín-Arroyo, A.B., Fosse, P., & Vigne, J.D. (2009) Probable evidences of bone accumulation by Pleistocene bearded vulture at the archaeological site of El Mirón Cave (Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 284–296. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305440308002082
Ohishi, I., Sakaguchi, G., Riemann, H., Behymer, D., & Hurvell, B. (1979) Antibodies to Clostridium botulinum toxins in free-living birds and mammals. Journal of Wildlife Disease 15: 3–9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/459044
Roggenbuck, M., Schnell, I.B., Blom, N., Bælum, J., Bertelsen, M.F., Pontén, T.S., Sørensen, S.J., Thomas, M., Gilbert, P., Graves, G.R., & Hansen, L.H. (2014). The microbiome of New World vultures. Nature Communications 5:5498. http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/141125/ncomms6498/abs/ncomms6498.html
Rozen, D.E., Engelmoer, D.J.P. & Smiseth, P.T. (2008) Antimicrobial strategies in burying beetles breeding on carrion .Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105: 17890-17895. http://www.pnas.org/content/105/46/17890.abstract
Selva, N., Jędrzejewska, B., Jędrzejewski, W. & Wajrak, A. (2005): Factors affecting carcass use by a guild of scavengers in European temperate woodland. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 1590-1601. http://zbs.bialowieza.pl/g2/pdf/1509.pdf
Von Hoermann, C., Steiger, S., Muller, J.K., & Ayasse, M. (2013) Too fresh is unattractive! The attraction of newly emerged Nicrophorus vespilloides females to odour bouquets of large cadavers at various stages of decomposition. PLoS One 8: e58524. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0058524
Video clips by Kate Yoshida.
Tagged under: MinuteEarth,Minute Earth,MinutePhysics,Minute Physics,earth,history,science,environment,environmental science,earth science,Scavenger,scavenging,Ecology (Media Genre),Vulture (Animal),Botulinum Toxin (Drug),Botulism (Disease Or Medical Condition),Anthrax (Disease Or Medical Condition),Immunology (Field Of Study),Hyena (Animal),Beetle (Animal),Burying Beetle (Organism Classification),Bearded Vulture (Organism Classification)
Find more lesson plans like this:'After the Race' from Joyce's Dubliners: Summary & Analysis
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