Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature (PHIL 181)
The Trolley Problem, as discussed in the last lecture, is the problem of reconciling an apparent inconsistency in our moral intuitions: that while it is permissible to turn the runaway trolley to a track thus killing one to save five, it is impermissible to push a fat man onto the trolley track, killing him to save the five. In this lecture, Professor Gendler reviews several "non-classic" responses to this problem, each of which aims to bring the two cases, and hence our apparently conflicting judgments about them, together. The three responses considered differ not only in their conclusions, but also in their methodologies, illustrating how different techniques might be brought to bear on philosophical puzzles.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Recap of the Trolley Problem and Three Responses
09:19 - Chapter 2. Thomson's New Response to the Trolley Problem
20:28 - Chapter 3. Greene on the Trolley Problem
39:41 - Chapter 4. Sunstein on the Trolley Problem
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu
This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Tagged under: Trolley problem,Judith Jarvis Thomson,Joshua Greene,Cass Sunstein,moral heuristics,fMRI,post-hoc rationalization,confabulation,Small Loewenstein,identifiable victim,Jonathan Haidt,David Pizarro,attribute substitution,availability heuristic,representativeness heuristic,moral dumbfounding,moral framing
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